January 15, 2021

FERC Begins Environmental Review of Four Texas Liquefaction Projects

W Energy Software

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) in July and August initiated environmental reviews for four liquefaction projects based in Texas.

The projects are the Corpus Christi liquefaction project, Freeport LNG project, Texas LNG Brownsville project, and Rio Grande LNG project. FERC will use the environmental reviews in its decision-making process to determine whether the projects are in the public interest.

Corpus Christi Liquefaction Project

FERC in an Aug. 17 notice said it will prepare an environmental assessment (EA) that will discuss the environmental effects of Corpus Christi Liquefaction LLC’s and Cheniere Corpus Christi Pipeline LP’s Stage 3 Project involving the expansion of the liquefaction and storage capacity of the previously approved Corpus Christi Liquefaction project and new associated bi-directional interstate natural gas pipeline facilities in San Patricio County, Texas.

The planned expansion would include the addition of two liquefaction trains, each capable of processing up to 700 million cubic feet per day (cf/d) of natural gas; one 160,000 cubic meter (m3) full containment LNG tank; one 22-mile, 42-inch pipeline; and additional compression at the Sinton compressor station.

The companies said in their application for the project that the additional new facilities would expand the liquefaction project’s production capabilities and increase the sale of domestic natural gas as LNG to the global market.

Freeport LNG Project

FERC in an Aug. 19 notice said it will prepare an EA for the Freeport LNG Train 4 project involving construction and operation of facilities by Freeport LNG Development LP in Brazoria, Texas.

Freeport LNG plans to add a fourth liquefaction unit to its natural gas liquefaction facilities on Quintana Island in Brazoria County. The Train 4 project would be located west and adjacent to the facilities authorized and currently under construction for the company’s Phase II modification project and liquefaction project, which include three liquefaction trains and related facilities. Train 4 would be within the existing Freeport LNG site boundary.

The company said in its application for the project that the Train 4 project would provide additional liquefaction capacity of approximately 5.1 million metric tonnes per annum (mtpa) of LNG for export, which equates to a natural gas throughput capacity of approximately 0.72 billion cf/d. Freeport LNG said that the expansion would enable the company to respond to short- and longer-term fluctuations in domestic and global gas markets.

Texas LNG Brownsville Project

FERC in a July 30 notice in the Federal Register said it will prepare an environmental impact statement (EIS) that will discuss the environmental effects of the Texas LNG project planned by Texas LNG Brownsville LLC. The project involves the construction and operation of a liquefaction and export terminal on the Brownsville Ship Channel in Cameron County, Texas. According to the notice, the project purpose is to liquefy domestically produced natural gas, store LNG and deliver LNG to carriers for export overseas.

Texas LNG plans to site, construct and operate a natural gas liquefaction and export terminal at the Port of Brownsville, on the north side of the Brownsville Ship Channel. The project would have the capacity to produce 4.4 million tons of LNG per year.

As proposed, the project would include a liquefaction plant, two single containment storage tanks with a capacity of 210,000 m3 of LNG each, an LNG carrier berthing dock, and a materials offloading facility.

Rio Grande LNG Project

FERC in a July 30 notice in the Federal Register said it will prepare an EIS that will discuss the environmental effects of the Rio Grande LNG project and Rio Bravo Pipeline project involving construction and operation of natural gas pipeline and liquefaction facilities by Rio Grande LNG LLC and Rio Bravo Pipeline Company in the Texas counties of Kleberg, Kenedy, Willacy and Cameron.

The companies plan to construct and operate interrelated LNG terminal and natural gas infrastructure projects. The Rio Grande LNG Terminal would include an LNG export terminal and marine facilities to accommodate LNG vessels along the Brownsville Ship Channel in Cameron County. In addition, the Rio Bravo Pipeline project would include two new natural gas pipelines capable of transporting 4.5 billion cf/d of natural gas from Kleberg County to the planned terminal.

According to the notice, the Rio Grande LNG project would be built in two phases, and would export the LNG equivalent of about 3.8 billion cf/d of natural gas. The companies said in their application for the project that the project would provide an additional source of firm, long-term, and competitively priced LNG.

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