With anything blockchain, there’s a hedging for adoption and the oil and gas industry is no different. Companies often skirt the first position and instead search for safety in numbers when it comes to taking up innovative technologies. Like a school of fish in need of camouflage, straying ahead to lead the charge comes with risk and, worst case, failure. But it can also yield great reward.
Leveraging Learnings Together
One sought-after modality of protection and a source of strength in implementing new technology is the consortium or strategic alliance. Two forerunners touting organizational momentum in the blockchain space for oil and gas include:
1. Oil & Gas Blockchain Consortium
As the first industry blockchain consortium in the U.S. that resides under the Offshore Operations Committee (OOC), this membership-based model boasts ten oil and gas companies including Chevron, ConocoPhillips, Equinor, ExxonMobil, Hess, Marathon, Noble Energy, Pioneer Natural Resources, Repsol, and Shell. Its mission aims to build a foundational network of business partners to collaboratively advance blockchain technology for broader adoption by the greater industry.
2. Houston Blockchain Alliance
A self-branded unbiased, neutral platform for cooperation in the blockchain space housed in the Greater Houston region, this alliance partners with individuals, startups, corporations, and government to champion blockchain technology. Dedicated to bringing together influential individuals in the blockchain ecosystem, it is highly focused on uniting innovation with traditional economy.
These groups unite interested parties dedicated to reimagining current standards and work together to explore innovative technology solutions. The ultimate goal: to de-risk solutions as a group then drive widespread industry adoption.
Stepping Up to Bat
Likewise, certain oil companies are stepping up to the plate when it comes to tech innovation. In taking leadership roles, big hitters like Shell, ExxonMobil, Saudi Aramco and Equinor are including blockchain as part of their growth strategies. Shell’s blockchain tech lead, Sabine Brink, recently stated in Forbes that blockchain’s potential to deal with data and algorithms differently allows for a complex decentralized system that enables parties to manage, monetize, and automate transactions.
What follows the giants are vendors and service providers to keep pace as the ecosystem for oil and gas on the blockchain grows and evolves.
The various technical benefits blockchain boasts include its inherent immutability of data, instantaneous validation, consensus for multiparty processes, and the ability to reduce reconciliation friction make it applicable to numerous aspects of oil and gas. Several examples include:
Supply chain – As a complex network of suppliers, shippers, and contractors, blockchain presents much needed visibility and transparency into the global supply chain. By streamlining downstream, midstream or upstream operations, blockchain technology mitigates error risk by creating an immutable record to replace tedious paperwork that drives unprecedented speed of business and efficiencies.
Land trades – Creating an auditable trail of land movement, value, and ownership with blockchain will reduce disputes, mismatched or misplaced titles and provide transparency into land transactions in real time.
Commodity trading – The average commodity trading transaction involves approximately 36 original documents, 240 copies, and 27 involved parties, according to Global Trade Review. The volume and frequency of transactions in commodity trading backed by blockchain will drive forward fully transparent, secure recording practices. Blockchain technology allows for real-time monitoring and the exchange of documents in a secure, digital, and decentralized fashion.
Joint interest billing – Sharing costs, revenues, and providing auditability for compliance measures among multiple parties on an agreement is a time and labor-intensive process that yields complex agreements. By using a blockchain ledger for joint interest billing in oil and gas, smart contracts guarantee transparency and consensus for all parties reinventing the laborious process of defining, negotiating, and executing contractual conditions.
The Future is on the Blocks
As we know it today, the world wide web has radically altered consumer habits. Blockchain heralds a similar change for the future of the commercial internet. As an immutable ledger, blockchain provides a central source of truth that delivers simultaneous visibility and transparency across multiple stakeholders, vendors, and customers regardless of environment or industry.
Already major industry players — including those in oil and gas — are implementing blockchain networks to drive forward unprecedented efficiencies with smart contracts, reduced market friction, and to disintermediate categories of middlemen to transform the very nature of how business is done. While blockchain won’t be mainstream for approximately another five years, the compelling return on investment exists now. The future is on the blocks and those that take the jump now will be able to reap the most rewards as the blockchain network grows and matures.
Oil and gas operations are commonly found in remote locations far from company headquarters. Now, it's possible to monitor pump operations, collate and analyze seismic data, and track employees around the world from almost anywhere. Whether employees are in the office or in the field, the internet and related applications enable a greater multidirectional flow of information – and control – than ever before.